1. You recall from General Chemistry the meaning of the terms chemical thermodynamics (energy changes as a result of reaction), chemical kinetics (reaction rates), equilibrium, and activation energy.
  2. You know the meaning of equations for Gibbs' free energy:
    ΔG° = ΔH° - TΔS°
    ΔG° = -RTlnKeq
    Visualization: Potential Energy Diagrams
  3. You understand the distinctions among reaction rate, rate law and rate constant.
  4. You understand the concept of the activation barrier for a reaction, and the inverse relationship between reaction rate constant and activation barrier.
  5. You can look at a reaction rate law and understand how changes in condition (concentration, temperature) will change the reaction rate.
  6. You understand the two major acid/base definitions: Brønsted acids are proton donors, while Lewis acids are electron pair acceptors.
  7. You understand the mathematical definition of pKa for a Bronsted acid and how the sign and magnitude affect acid strength. You also understand how the pKa of a conjugate acid can be used to discuss Bronsted base strength.
    Discussion: Brønsted Acids and Proton Transfer
  8. You understand the definition of a Lewis acid (electron-pair acceptor) and of a Lewis base (electron-pair donor).
    Visualization: Lewis acids and bases: electron and charge distribution
  9. You understand the role of electronegativity and polarizability in determining Bronsted acid strength.
  10. You understand that a reaction mechanism is the specific set of bond-breaking and bond-forming steps that result in a chemical transformation.
    Visualization: Electron pushing
  11. You understand that Lewis acids are electrophiles, and Lewis bases are nucleophiles. An overwhelming portion of organic chemistry will be bond formation between electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  12. For any depiction of an organic compound, you can recognize the presence of any of the functional groups listed in Table 2-3.
  13. You know how alkanes are named: the systematic root name, locating the longest carbon chain, and naming alkyl group substituents.
    Visualization:  Table of Alkanes
  14. You can identify the correct numbering scheme for a multiply-substuitued alkane.
  15. You know the importance of alkanes (and other hydrocarbons) in petroleum and can write a balanced equation for combustion of a hydrocarbon.
  16. You can identify rotational isomers of an alkane (using Newman projections) and rank them by relative energy.
    Visualization:  Rotations in Butane
  17. You understand the distinction between conformers of an alkane and geometric isomers.
Recommended problems: 2-33, 2-35, 2-36, 2-38, 2-39, 2-45, 2-46, 2-52, 2-54.

Worked problems:
Worked problem 1
Worked problem 2
Worked problem 3